IEEE C63.10: American National Standard for Testing Unlicensed Wireless Devices
SDO: IEEE: The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
DOD Adopted ANSI Approved Approved
This consensus standard specifies methods, instrumentation, and facilities requirements for measurement of radio-frequency (RF) signals and RF noise emitted from unlicensed wireless devices. It does not include generic nor product-specific emission limits. Measurement methods are provided for radiated and conducted emissions that can be generated by a variety of devices, as described below. This standard does not consider test methods for unlicensed wireless devices already covered in other published standards, such as Unlicensed Personal Communication Services (UPCS) devices, which are covered in ANSI C63.17 [B1].1 In addition, many types of wireless devices are also subject to regulatory requirements concerning human exposure to RF energy; RF exposure conformity assessment methods are not considered in this standard, but are the subject of other standards, e.g., IEEE Std 1528™-2003 [B22].
This document provides standard test methods for determining compliance with regulatory requirements for many types of wireless devices. These unlicensed wireless devices include but are not limited to the following:
— Remote control and security unlicensed wireless devices
— Frequency hopping and direct sequence spread spectrum devices
— Anti-pilferage devices
— Cordless telephones
— Radio frequency identification (RFID) tag readers
— Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure devices
— Intrusion detectors
— Unlicensed wireless devices operating below 30 MHz
— Wireless (garage) door openers
— Ultra-wideband (UWB) devices
— Automatic vehicle identification systems
— Other devices, e.g., with operations authorized under Part 15 of the FCC Rules and Regulations (47 CFR Part 15).2
Clause 2 and Clause 3 contain the normative references and definitions used in this standard, respectively. Clause 4 provides the specifications for the necessary test instrumentation needed for performing compliance testing. Clause 5 provides the general requirements for all standard test methods. Clause 6 provides standard test methods required for most unlicensed wireless devices. Clause 7 identifies additional tests or requirements for specific unlicensed wireless devices. Clause 8 specifies requirements for reporting test results, with special emphasis on the use of guidance from ISO/IEC 17025:2005.
Annex A is an informative listing of the tests required to show compliance of a specific unlicensed wireless device. Because Annex A describes regulatory requirements for testing of unlicensed wireless devices, it serves as a key to use of this standard. Annex B is an informative example of the information to be included in a test report. Annex C is an informative discussion on instrumentation pulse desensitization considerations. Annex D provides information about detector types and functions used in EMC testing. Annex E and Annex F provide an informative glossary and related reading (bibliography), respectively.
Use of the annexes and clauses applicable to a wireless device under test allows users of this standard to determine compliance of a device to national regulatory requirements. However, any test procedure identified for use by the national regulatory authority that differs from the provisions of this standard shall take precedence.
Numbered cross-references used throughout this standard refer to either a specific clause or subclause of this standard; e.g., 6 refers to Clause 6, 6.2 refers to subclause 6.2, and A.2 refers to subclause A.2 of Annex A.
A wide variety of unlicensed wireless devices (also known as intentional radiators) are subject to certain regulatory requirements. The primary way to show compliance in meeting regulatory requirements is by testing such devices in a repeatable and reproducible manner. This standard presents the methods of measurement to show compliance with the technical specifications for the majority of present wireless devices in wide use. It represents a consolidation and elucidation of procedures that were heretofore dispersed throughout a number of documents, which caused confusion regarding where to find the appropriate test method. It is not expected that all of the wireless devices on the market will in fact be covered by this standard. For example, this standard excludes test procedures for unlicensed wireless devices already covered in other published standards; e.g., Unlicensed Personal Communication Services devices. Also, as new measurement methods mature, this standard will be amended or a follow-up standard developed to present the new method. It is also expected that the ASC C63® Committee that developed this standard will provide a forum for test laboratories, manufacturers, and government agencies to determine the need for additions and amendments of this standard to accommodate new wireless devices in the future.
1 The numbers in brackets correspond to those of the bibliography in Annex F.
2 Information on references can be found in Clause 2.
- compliance testing
- intentional radiators
- Spread Spectrum Devices
- test procedures
- unlicensed wireless devices
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